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What is Arrack?

Mary McMahon
Updated May 16, 2024
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Arrack is a type of alcohol produced in Asia and parts of the Middle East. Traditionally, it has been produced from fermented palm sap, although ingredients like rice, other grains, sugarcane, and molasses can be used to produce the drink as well. This beverage is quite popular in Indonesia and parts of Sri Lanka, and some mixed drink recipes call specifically for arrack since it has a distinctive flavor. Do not confuse this alcohol with arak, a Middle Eastern drink made from raisins; arak has a flavor like anise, similar to the Greek ouzo.

The history of this beverage is probably quite old. Historical documents and works of ancient art depict the stages of arrack production, and the drink was well established by the time European traders and explorers were introduced to it. Like other hard liquors, arrack is made by fermenting the primary ingredient and then distilling the result. The liquor has a flavor similar to rum, accompanied by a rich golden color. Indonesia is a major producer; Indonesian arrack is sometimes labeled as “Batavia Arrack,” in a reference to the former name for Jakarta, capital of Indonesia.

One of the most common types is made with the sap of coconuts. To collect sap from coconut palms, workers climb the trees and cut into the flowers, gathering the resulting flow of sap in large containers. The sap is allowed to ferment into a mild palm wine which can be distilled into fiery coconut arrack. In Indonesia, fermented sugarcane is the most common base, while fermented grains may be used in other parts of Asia.

The quality of arrack varies widely, as is the case with many distilled spirits. Some producers pride themselves on making strong, clear alcohol with an excellent flavor, while others focus on producing as much of the beverage as possible, sometimes to the detriment of the finished product. Serious companies handle their arrack like famous brandy, rum, and whiskey producers, and the alcohol may be aged for flavor in various types of wood.

Specialty import stores and liquor stores are good sources for arrack, and you may want to ask staff for product recommendations if you are not familiar with any of the brands that the store carries. The liquor can sometimes be difficult to find; if you have a recipe which calls for it, you can use rum as a replacement. Many punches include arrack, as the liquor is one of the traditional five base ingredients.

DelightedCooking is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.
Mary McMahon
By Mary McMahon

Ever since she began contributing to the site several years ago, Mary has embraced the exciting challenge of being a DelightedCooking researcher and writer. Mary has a liberal arts degree from Goddard College and spends her free time reading, cooking, and exploring the great outdoors.

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Discussion Comments
By anon251628 — On Mar 01, 2012

I see that coconut arrack is finally making its way into other countries. We have one of Sri Lanka's best brands now in the US, but they cannot call it arrack here due to US laws. It's White Lion VSOA - Very Special Old Arrack.

By anon228495 — On Nov 08, 2011

Rum is not even close to a good substitute. Great arrack has a taste that is very unique, almost like combining a smooth whisky with aged rum together. Once you've had the good stuff, like VSOA from Sri Lanka, you'll absolutely fall in love with the taste.

By anon173846 — On May 08, 2011

I bought various types of Arrack from the distiller's main office in Kuching Sarawak recently (April 2011). We stumbled across this place walking along the waterfront shops. They offered healthy samples (all free) of their products (distilled in Sibu, Sarawak). Very inexpensive, tasty and strong. Too bad the glass bottles were so heavy, or I would have bought more. One of the highlights of my trip to Kuching. Ed D. (W. Kelowna, BC, Canada)

By cliveeta — On Mar 01, 2008

In Indonesia it is spelled arak too. A popular drink is arak-attack!

Mary McMahon
Mary McMahon

Ever since she began contributing to the site several years ago, Mary has embraced the exciting challenge of being a...

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