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What is Diner Lingo?

Michael Pollick
Updated May 16, 2024
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If you've ever heard a waitress in a diner cry out, "Adam and Eve on a raft, wreck 'em!" or, "Sweep the kitchen with Noah's boy!" you should be familiar with diner lingo. Diner lingo is a colorful form of shorthand between a roadside diner's wait staff and the kitchen. Many pop culture historians trace the origins of diner lingo to the 1870s, when many African-Americans found employment as cooks in the first generation of diners. Illiteracy was a common problem in post-Civil War America, so waiters and cooks created their own spoken lingo to remember a large number of incoming orders.

Diner lingo is one example of a working mnemonic device, a mental trick that aids memory. In the above paragraph, "Adam and Eve" refers to two eggs, usually poached. The "raft" is a piece of toast. "Wreck 'em!" is a cue for the cook to scramble the eggs. "Sweep the kitchen" is diner lingo for hash, and "Noah's boy" means a slice of ham, referring to Noah's second son, Ham. Experienced cooks can keep dozens of these orders in their heads without using any paper tickets.

There are literally hundreds of diner lingo terms and variants, a few of which are too racy to be recounted here. Some of these words and phrases have entered popular use, such as mayo, blue plate special and java. Others, such as dog and maggot for crackers and cheese, mercifully have not survived. It has been said that the alternative rock group REM titled their album Automatic for the People after overhearing a local cook's diner lingo.

Diner lingo covers all aspects of the menu items and their preparation. Whenever a cook burns food, the result is often called Pittsburgh, after the large factory smokestacks found there. Meat cooked rare is known as on the hoof. Take-out orders may be on wheels or going for a walk.

In diner lingo, beverages often go by several different names. Water could become city juice or Adam's Ale, while milk is called baby, Sweet Alice or moo juice. Seltzer is belch water, while coffee can be anything from mud to Joe to java. Coffee served with cream and sugar is a blonde with sand.

Popular food items with memorable diner lingo names include hot dogs, which could be bun pups, Coney Island Chickens, groundhogs, or bowwows. Hamburgers and hash could both be rendered as sweep up the kitchen, based on their sometimes questionable contents. In diner lingo, the customer will take a chance can also refer to hash. Other popular diner menu items include liver and onions, which may be called back to the kitchen as put out the lights and make them cry.

There are many more examples of diner lingo available on the Internet and in kitchen reference books. It has become more difficult to hear authentic diner lingo since the decline of American diners in the 1970s, but some nostalgia-themed restaurants still maintain some of the language. A few small restaurants in rural areas still use a form of diner lingo, although advances in computerized ordering systems have largely eliminated the need for verbal orders.

DelightedCooking is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.
Michael Pollick
By Michael Pollick , Writer
As a frequent contributor to DelightedCooking, Michael Pollick uses his passion for research and writing to cover a wide range of topics. His curiosity drives him to study subjects in-depth, resulting in informative and engaging articles. Prior to becoming a professional writer, Michael honed his skills as an English tutor, poet, voice-over artist, and DJ.

Discussion Comments

By Wisedly33 — On Nov 01, 2014

I wish I could remember the name of the place, but my family once took a trip through the Midwest and stopped at a place that was supposed to look like an old fashioned diner, with 50's diner booths and everything. The menu looked just like something from an old commercial, but the prices were modern. I remember our waitress wore a cap in her hair and chewed gum while she took our order.

They still used diner lingo there, so when I ordered two scrambled eggs and a side of hash browns, the waitress called out "Adam and Eve in Idaho, wreck 'em!" I think my sister got some "moo juice" and my mom got a "Martin and Lewis", but I can't remember what it actually was. It was a fun place to visit, but the diner lingo was more of a gimmick by then.

By Pippinwhite — On Oct 31, 2014

I wish there were still some places around here that used diner lingo. A lot of these examples made me laugh out loud. I've heard this kind of stuff used on cartoons about diners, but by the time I was growing up, a lot of diners used paper tickets or computerized ordering systems. I'll bet it was a hoot to hear cooks and waitresses shouting out all of these crazy things in front of customers.

Michael Pollick

Michael Pollick


As a frequent contributor to DelightedCooking, Michael Pollick uses his passion for research and writing to cover a wide...
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