What Is Instant Food?

Ray Hawk

Instant food usually refers to precooked food that requires very little preparation prior to eating it. This often tends to include foods that are dehydrated and just require the addition of water to prepare. The marketing concept behind the idea of instant food is that people in fast-paced, mobile societies no longer have the time to cook and prepare food in the traditional manner, yet they still want meals that are nutritious and taste good. Convenience food labeled as instant food is an attempt to satisfy this need, while being palatable enough so that consumers will choose them over foods that require the use of recipes and cooking. Ready-made food sometimes has the reputation of being expensive and loaded with preservatives, additives, and other potentially harmful fillers, food colors, and so on, which can give it a negative image in the mind of the consumer when shopping for groceries.

A bowl of instant oatmeal.
A bowl of instant oatmeal.

Among the easiest category of instant food to produce and package are grain-related products, such as noodles, flavored oatmeal, breakfast cereals, and more. This is because these foods are naturally stored in airtight, dry conditions to preserve their quality, and usually require nothing more than the addition of hot water or milk to quickly prepare. Dehydrated potatoes are another widely popular instant food that just require the addition of hot water, and they are often served in institutional settings for public school lunches, and in nursing or retirement homes where preparing potatoes in the traditional manner can be time consuming and impractical. Other types of common instant food products include drink mixes, such as instant coffee, tea and nutrition supplements for milk that add both flavor and vitamins. Instant coffee requires no preparation in a standard coffeemaker, and can be ready to drink in less than a minute with water heated for it in a microwave, as can tea and other hot drinks, such as cocoa or powdered fruit-flavored drink mixes resembling orange and other juices.

As television became more widespread, TV dinners led to instant food.
As television became more widespread, TV dinners led to instant food.

One other broad category of instant foods is that of the TV dinner, a prepackaged dinner usually containing all the standard elements of a traditional dinner such as meat, vegetables, and some sort of dessert, pasta, or grain product. The earliest TV or frozen dinners were introduced to the US market in 1945, and, by 1954, 2,500,000 of them had already been sold. The convenience of instant food led it to dominate a large section of the retail food market after TV dinners gained more variety and standardization in 1954, coupled with the television switching to a color format in the early 1950s in the US.

Powdered drink mixes can be used to make instant food.
Powdered drink mixes can be used to make instant food.

TV dinners pioneered the way for another unique type of instant food preparation that came into existence in the late 1960s and early 1970s in the US. The portable Meal Ready to Eat (MRE) was created for the US military, as well as similar preparations for astronauts on the US Apollo missions to the Moon or in the orbiting space station Skylab, known as retort pouches. Variations on the MRE now exist for inclusion in lifeboat supplies on ships, as emergency food supplies provided by the United Nations to refuge populations, and in Kosher or Halal form to accommodate Jewish and Islamic belief systems.

Many instant foods are grain-related products, such as breakfast cereals and instant oatmeal.
Many instant foods are grain-related products, such as breakfast cereals and instant oatmeal.

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Discussion Comments

There's nothing wrong with instant foods, and it really depends on how often you eat that stuff. If you have it once in a while, that's perfectly fine. However, if you live off of it, that's a completely different story. Generally speaking, has anyone noticed that many college students are associated with instant foods?

I can't even begin to tell you how many people on my college campus love ramen noodles. They practically live off them, and it's hilarious. My assumption is that due to having spent all their money when looking for education, that's all they can afford.


@Chmander - When I was in college, I used to eat a lot of ramen noodles. However, after a few weeks, I got tired of them. And no, they're definitely not the healthiest. The flavor packets are the worst, and are full of sodium. Usually when I eat ramen, I try to substitute the salty flavoring with garlic powder and onion powder. Unfortunately, it doesn't help much. The noodles are very bland, and the garlic & onion powder just spices them up, nothing more.


Being a student in college, I always enjoy instant food. I'm usually too busy to go to the college cafeteria, and when I do, the food is very sub-par. Before my sophomore year of college, my parents bought a large pack of ramen noodles that I can eat when on the go. However, the more and more I eat ramen noodles, I begin to wonder if they're the healthiest. This doesn't just apply to ramen, but other "instant" foods as well.

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