What are Goujons?

Tricia Christensen
Tricia Christensen

Goujons are breaded and gently fried strips of fish fillet commonly served as appetizers, or paired with vegetables as a light main course. This type of fish preparation is traditionally French, but is also very popular in Cajun-influenced areas of Louisiana, a southern U.S. state. In many Cajun dialects, the word “goujon” is a synonym for catfish, the type of fish most commonly eaten — and thus used in goujon dishes — in this region.

The goujon technique can be applied to chicken fillets.
The goujon technique can be applied to chicken fillets.

French Origins

French cooks typically make goujons with fresh-caught sole. The fillets are sliced lengthwise into narrow strips, which are then wetted with either butter or egg yolk, then dipped into breadcrumbs seasoned with salt or pepper. Most cooks allow the strips to rest for a few moments — sometimes up to an hour — before frying them quickly in oil.

Cornichons are usually served as an accompaniment to goujons.
Cornichons are usually served as an accompaniment to goujons.

Goujons prepared in the French fashion are typically served with a savory sauce, Dijon or dill in most cases, that can be either drizzled over the top or set to the side as a dip. Cornichons, which are small pickled gherkins, usually accompany the dish.

Olive oil, which is often used to fry goujons.
Olive oil, which is often used to fry goujons.

Differences in Cajun Preparations

French settlers in Louisiana brought with them many French traditions, both culinary and cultural, but had a tendency to make their own adaptations and adjustments. The hybrid culture that resulted is usually referred to as Cajun. Cajun cooks commonly make goujons, but the preparation is slightly different.

A Cajun goujon is usually made with catfish, for one thing, rather than the more traditional sole. Catfish is a commonly caught fish in Louisiana’s coastal waters. The narrow filleting technique is the same, but the breading in Cajun versions is often very spicy, often incorporating red pepper flakes or chili oil.

Most Cajun iterations are served with other fried foods or seafood, and are usually accompanied by potato “wedges,” which are thick-sliced potatoes baked or fried just to the point of crispiness. Mayonnaise, ketchup, and hot sauce are usually provided as dips.

Distinctions Between Goujons, Fish and Chips, and Fish Sticks

Goujons are frequently compared to fish and chips and fish stick preparations, though the three are different in a number of important respects. In most fish and chip preparations, entire fish fillets are battered — not breaded — which makes them more properly fritters.

Fish sticks usually involve breading, but the fish inside is often little more than sludge. Commercial fish manufacturers typically make fish sticks by mashing together excess trimmings and parts left over from whole fillets and other cuts. Rather than discard these scraps, they are combined into stick-like shapes, breaded, and fried or baked.

Chicken Versions

A number of cooks, both in and outside of France, have applied the goujon technique to slices of chicken fillet, creating a dish known as “chicken goujon.” This dish is prepared exactly as it would be with fish, and the condiments and common side dishes are usually the same.

Other Modifications and Variations

Cooks have taken many liberties with goujon preparations over the years. One of the most common variations — aside from changing the central meat — concerns the manner of cooking. In order to make the dish lower in fat, many cooks elect to bake the fish or chicken strips, rather than deep-frying them. Skillet frying with a bit of olive oil is also common.

The breading is another place for innovation. Many cooks augment their breadcrumbs with a variety of spices, herbs, or grated cheeses. Rougher breading like panko can also be used to lend a different texture to the goujon.

Breadcrumbs are used to coat strips of fish filet known as Goujons.
Breadcrumbs are used to coat strips of fish filet known as Goujons.
Tricia Christensen
Tricia Christensen

Tricia has a Literature degree from Sonoma State University and has been a frequent wiseGEEK contributor for many years. She is especially passionate about reading and writing, although her other interests include medicine, art, film, history, politics, ethics, and religion. Tricia lives in Northern California and is currently working on her first novel.

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Discussion Comments


It's a French word for a particular bolt.

It's commonly used in cars and bikes, as in heavy duty machinery.


or, you can just go ahead and fry the fish but spend a couple of hours exercising later. it's good for you.


@doppler - Those sound really good! It's hard to find a healthier recipe when it comes to goujons because they are mostly fried. However, as the article states, they can be baked. In order to get the crispness out of them, I find it's better to bake them at a little higher temperature - like about 400/450 degrees Fahrenheit - for about 20 minutes or so. Just keep an eye on them and you will do fine!


There are all sorts of things you can do with chicken goujons. The other day my family and I had wraps that had been double breaded, fried, and then smothered in homemade Honey BBQ sauce and they were awesome! Wrap in a tortilla with lettuce, tomato, cheese, pickles - whatever! And don't forget the Ranch. Yum!

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