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What is Cajun Cuisine?

By Garry Crystal
Updated May 16, 2024
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Cajun cuisine is a form of cooking that originated in Louisiana, USA. It is a mix of French, Canadian, African and Native American influences. When Acadian farmers were made destitute by the British, they learned to adapt local ingredients such as sugar cane, rice, and crawfish into a whole new cooking culture.

A Cajun meal is usually cooked in three different pots. One pot is used for the rice or cornbread, another is used for vegetables and the third is used for the main dish. Onions, celery and bell-peppers are basic ingredients in Cajun cuisine. The seasonings used are mainly cayenne pepper, parsley, bayleaf and scallions.

There is a common misconception that Cajun cuisine is eye-wateringly hot. Although the food usually has a kick to it, it is not nearly as hot or spicy as, for example, a curry. A delicate balance of peppers is what the good Cajun cook strives for. The different peppers are mixed to add flavor, not to add heat.

Cajun cuisine is a simple form of cooking. It does not involve exotic or expensive ingredients and is simple and brown in appearance. The food was originally born out of necessity and has stuck to its original form for decades. At its most basic, it is a type of stew. The word gumbo, which describes a range of stews prepared in South Louisiana, comes from West Africa and means "okra", the main ingredient in the stews.

There are a number of ingredients used in the main dishes in Cajun cuisine. These are primarily fish, pork, chicken, turkey or shrimp. This style of cooking relies heavily on different ways of preparing the meat or fish. Boiling, grilling, stewing, deep-frying and smoking are all very popular processes in a Cajun kitchen.

There are many establishments outside of Louisiana that specialize in Cajun cuisine, but be warned that they often make the food a lot spicier and hotter than the original recipes. The idea of traditional Cajun food is to taste the peppers and spices involved, not to burn the palate either in the preparation or with the addition of extra condiments.

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Discussion Comments

By Rotergirl — On Jan 31, 2014

Cajun cuisine is a gift to the world. I love good Cajun food. Crawfish etouffee, shrimp creole, chicken jambalaya, seafood gumbo, red beans and rice -- it's all delicious.

A magazine called "Louisiana Kitchen" is dedicated to Cajun food and I have a hard time looking through it without drooling. Cajun food is not limited to Louisiana, however. It can be found along the whole Gulf Coast -- anywhere seafood can be had fresh daily. And, when you think that it’s essentially home cooking, it becomes much less intimidating to try recipes like red beans and rice or shrimp creole at home.

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