Low-fat scones are scones made from a recipe that calls for less fat than is normally included in standard scones and may be made from a recipe that relies on commercial fat-replacement products or ingredients that are naturally low in fat. The exact amount of fat in these recipes can vary considerably, as both recipe writers and bakers have differing opinions on what constitutes a low-fat food. Individuals who choose to eat these products should be aware that, while a scone may be low in fat, the use of sugar and ingredients such as dried fruits, chocolate chips, or nuts can make low-fat scones high in calories and possibly incompatible with a weight-loss diet, though they may work well for those who are simply trying to cut their fat intake.
Scones are pastries that are typically either baked in an oven or cooked in a stove-top griddle. They are similar to American-style biscuits, though they are often a bit denser in texture. Scones are often served as part of a traditional British afternoon tea service, but are also popular coffee house treats in many areas. Many scone recipes require the addition of significant amounts of butter or shortening, often resulting in a product that is high in fat. The challenge of developing recipes for low-fat scones is to find a way of reducing their fat content while also producing a scone that is light and moist in texture.
Commercial bakeries may produce scones that include fat substitutes, some of which are made from processed animal proteins, carbohydrates, and altered fats that are typically not absorbed by the digestive system. Home bakers may rely on low-fat yogurt or buttermilk to cut the fat in traditional recipes. In both cases, other ingredients, such as fruit or various spices, may be added to the recipe to add flavor or texture.
Factors to consider when purchasing and eating low-fat scones include the size of the scone, its added ingredients, and whether the scone is palatable enough to be consumed on its own, without the addition of other high-fat or high-sugar spreads and toppings, such as clotted cream, butter, or jam. Some ingredients, such as nuts or icing, might also add fat to the pastry. Dieters in particular should pay close attention to portion size when consuming low-fat scones or any other diet product, as they may find that a giant reduced-fat pastry actually has more calories than a smaller, tastier full-fat version.