What is a Muffineer?

Mary McMahon
Mary McMahon

A muffineer is essentially a salt shaker; it's a small container with a perforated top which is used to shake out powders like sugar, salt, and talc in a controlled way. You may also hear a muffineer referred to as a caster or castor, depending on regional dialect, and of course it is perfectly acceptable to call a muffineer a shaker, since that's what it is.

Pickling salt, which can be kept in a muffineer.
Pickling salt, which can be kept in a muffineer.

People have been keeping powders in perforated containers for a very long time, since this storage technique makes a great deal of sense for substances which are used in small volumes. Substances like salt, sugar, and pepper were also once extremely expensive, so storing them in a shaker kept them protected and reduced the risk of waste. Silver salt shakers dating back to the 16th century and even earlier are on display at museums with collections of culinary artifacts, and many of these shakers had very fine, beautiful designs from the hands of master craftsmen.

A salt shaker could be considered a type of mufineer.
A salt shaker could be considered a type of mufineer.

The word “muffineer” started to be used in the early 1800s to describe a shaker used to hold powdered sugar which could be spread on muffins, scones, and other breakfast goods. 19th century society had a predilection for coming up with a kitchen tool for almost any occasion, and for a time, the muffineer was a distinct and specialized kitchen utensil. Today, vintage muffineers are often sold as “antique salt shakers” or “sugar sprinklers” to collectors, and they are rarely used for their original purpose.

The muffineer concept can also be applied in reverse: there's no reason a modern salt shaker could not be used as a sugar or spice shaker, should one so desire. A shaker could be filled with cinnamon-sugar for sprinkling on toast, for example, or with frequently used spices to make them readily accessible to diners and cooks.

The primary flaw with any sort of shaker is that the powder inside can tend to clump. Muffineers were sometimes historically packed with rice to keep the powder from clumping, a trick which still works, and many companies produced special types of sugar like caster sugar which were specifically processed to avoid clumping so that they could be used in muffineers. Keeping a shaker in a cool, dry place can also help to prevent clumping, and it is a good idea to avoid using muffineers over hot food, as the steam can get inside and cause the contents to clump.

Mary McMahon
Mary McMahon

Ever since she began contributing to the site several years ago, Mary has embraced the exciting challenge of being a wiseGEEK researcher and writer. Mary has a liberal arts degree from Goddard College and spends her free time reading, cooking, and exploring the great outdoors.

You might also Like

Discussion Comments


Just got an education today on muffineers. Never knew what they were. Thank you.


@omgnotagain – Muffineers are really great for clumpy stuff like that. I use muffineers for all kinds of spices at my house. I use ones with smaller holes, so sometimes I have a problem with shaking my spices out of the muffineer.

I tried using the old rice trick to keep the spices from clumping, but rice kept falling out of the holes! I got sick of biting into pieces of raw rice when I was eating cake or brownies.

My friend told me that dry beans do the same thing as rice – agitate the spices or sugar, so the grains don’t clump together – and I tried it. It works great, and the beans are too big to fall through the holes.

And if you have a see through muffineer, you can use different colored beans, and make your spices match your home décor.


@parklinkz – Yes, powdered sugar works great, but parmesan cheese does too. I work at a pizzeria, and every table in our dining room has a glass muffineer filled with parmesan. The customers love it because the big holes make it easy to sprinkle the cheese.

We live in a really humid area (right by the beach), and if we use a regular parmesan cheese shaker, the stuff get clumped around the holes and the cheese won’t come out. With our muffineers, the cheese still clumps, but it doesn’t get stuck because the holes are big enough to let the cheese through.


I’m glad I read this article! My mom has a sterling silver muffineer, but we’ve been calling it a sugar shaker. It’s kind of weird, though, because it doesn’t have tiny holes like a normal salt shaker does.

The holes on top are about a centimeter wide, and they’re shaped like hearts. It’s really cute. She paid $200 for it at a fancy store because it’s real silver. Even the base is silver, and you can’t see what’s in the muffineer.

Because it has such big holes, my mom only uses it for decorating cookies and cakes with powdered sugar. I don’t think anything other spice would work, because the holes would just pour the pepper or salt all over the place!

Post your comments
Forgot password?