When it comes to the differences between whole grain products and whole wheat products, there may be some confusion among consumers. While there are many similarities between whole wheat and grain products, there are a few differences that could be very important.
One of the main differences between whole wheat and whole grain is the process that is used to prepare the grain flour. With whole-wheat flour, the grain has gone through a refining process that has removed some of the nutritional value from the end product. By contrast, whole-grain flour does not go through this refining process, and thus maintains the natural level of nutrients.
In appearance, whole wheat and whole grain products may look very similar. For example, it is very difficult to tell the difference between a cereal made with whole grains and a similar product made from whole wheat. The difference is sometimes easier to taste. Whole grain will have a slightly richer flavor than whole wheat, although both are very pleasing, and more tasty and nutritious than bleached flour products.
Whole grain breads are also different from their whole wheat counterparts. Generally, whole wheat loaves will be lighter in texture, almost as light as a loaf of bread made with bleached flour. Whole grain loaves of bread will have a denser texture, and often are considered more filling. The additional nutrients and fiber content often make it possible to consume less bread and still feel satisfied at the end of the meal.
Whole grain bread may have health benefits that are particularly important to persons who struggle with blood glucose levels. For people who are in a prediabetic state or are managing Type 2 diabetes with diet, products with whole grains may be a sensible source of complex carbohydrates. While containing as many carbohydrates as whole wheat or bleached bread, these products tend to create less of a spike in blood glucose levels, and absorb into the system with greater ease. While this is not universally true for all persons dealing with blood glucose issues, choosing a slice of whole grain bread over other bread options has proven helpful in managing a balanced diet while still watching blood sugar levels.